lydian mode major scale

The Lydian Mode – Everything you need to know

The Lydian Mode: People ask me about Lydian mode all the time, and I believe it’s because it’s in a lot of chart-topping songs, soundtracks for TV, and blockbuster movies. Also, incredible guitar players like Joe Satriani and Steve Vai have great songs using the Lydian mode. 

The Lydian is the fourth mode (or degree) of the major scale. It right in the middle between the Ionian (first degree) and the Locrian (seventh degree).

I have songs where before I even started writing, I said, “I’m going to write a song using Lydian!” Just like Steve Vai, Satriani, Andy Timmons, and so many other great players. I’ll sometimes start a composition knowing that, from a theory standpoint, it’s going to be a “Lydian” song. 

The most important thing when discussing modes is: it’s not so much the theory, but what kind of feeling do you get when you hear those note combinations?

In a major triad, the notes are the root, third, and fifth. What gives the Lydian its unique characteristic is the sharp fourth — the rest of the notes (second, sixth, and seventh) are all major intervals. 

The pattern for the Lydian scale is a whole tone, whole tone, whole tone, half step, whole tone, whole tone, half step. The magic comes from the first three whole tones. Otherwise known as the tritone. 

It’s an interesting scale because you can play all seven notes in perfect fifths. Very musical.

That gives it a very natural or open feel. It sounds mysterious but gives you a feeling of hope and has a very celestial quality to it. 

In musical theory, the characteristic of every mode is due to the tritone. And the tritone is especially important in this scale because it’s starting from the root. That’s what makes this scale so special.

The Lydian’s tritone is the sharp fourth. You will see major chords from other scales having this tritone, but then add a sharp fifth or a flat seventh. 

One example you can try any time you want to have that Lydian sound is to play a major arpeggio, then move one whole step up and play the same arpeggio. That will immediately give you that Lydian characteristic. 

I use Lydian a lot. In the song “Vital Signs” off my new album, the whole intro is Lydian over Cmaj and Dmaj chords. 

You can also play using only the triads of the Lydian scale over those same chords.

One way to get to know the notes and intervals is to play the scale linearly on a single string. 

All the modes in music are based around the tritone. It creates that tension that has to be released somehow.

That’s why you have dominant tonic and harmonic movements to provide that release and make it musical. In music theory, any song with a major key chord chart is treated as Lydian right away.

Another way to use Lydian would be to imagine a metal, power chord progression of E, C, B, and G, but instead of focusing on the E minor scale, use an E Lydian, C Lydian, B Lydian, and G Lydian; all four chords in that chart are Lydian.

I do this in my song “Escaping” from my No Gravity album. It starts in A Lydian and then goes to D Lydian and C Lydian. 

The interlude contains those four chords (E, C, B, and G), all Lydian. To improvise over those four Lydian chords, you have to know the whole step, whole step, whole step, half step, whole step, whole step, half step.

It sounds very fusion. A good jazz reference for exploring music theory and the modes would be Miles Davis’ Kind of Blue.

This sound was used a lot in jazz and fusion from the ’60s and especially the ’70s. Of course, you can add it to metal music — not a problem at all.

Another good exercise example would be to play the E Lydian, C Lydian, B Lydian, and G Lydian on the same string. The trick is to keep the same mode when changing the keys — you’re always in the Lydian mode. 

There’s a lot more to explore, but I hope you enjoyed this introduction to the Lydian mode. If you want to join us for my upcoming Guitar Experience livestream here is the link to register: 

Q&A from chat

How do you combine this with other modes?

The more experience you get, and the more you understand the characteristics of this mode, you can use it anywhere. I do it in songs like “Eminent Threat” from my new album, and on an old song called “Escaping” off No Gravity. I’m using the same idea for both of those. I’m ripping off my own ideas, just years later!

Do you use the Lydian mode when you want to sound ethereal?

Yes, exactly. You notice that ethereal feeling, and anytime you want that feeling, you will know what to do. With any chord progression, you can use the Lydian, or major chord with a sharp fourth, or those two major triads — it always works.

Can you mix the whole tone scale with the mode?

You can always go further. Right now, I’m just focusing on the Lydian from the major scale. You have the melodic minor, which is a Lydian with a sharp fifth and a sharp ninth.

The whole tone scale contains the same tritone (sharp fourth) but then has the minor seventh, so it sounds quite different. Also, the whole tone scale can create a very musical, ethereal sound in the style of Debussy. It has a kind of crazy vibe as well because there are no half steps, just whole tones. 

Am I using this mode a lot in Megadeth?

Not really, because Megadeth is very minor and Phrygian. If you go to my 7 Factor course, I show a spectrum from the brightest scales like Ionian and Lydian, to all the darker sounding modes.

I would say Megadeth is on that darker side, where the Lydian is more celestial, open, and bright. Megadeth is more Phrygian and sometimes Dorian. The Dorian works well when the music is more in a rock and roll key.

Right now, I can’t think of any Megadeth song where I played a Lydian.

Can you use this mode for Jazz music?

Yes! It’s used everywhere. Within any chord chart in jazz compositions, all the modes, from Ionian to Locrian, and everything in between are explored.

Carolina IV by Angra

That’s an Angra song from the ’90s. It’s an example of a song that starts with a Lydian with a flat seventh. 

The Mixolydian and Brazilian music.

In Brazil, they use a lot of Mixolydian and at some point, they added a raised the fourth, so it’s not like it’s just one scale. It’s Mixolydian but with an extra note added that creates some tension, then returns to a normal Mixolydian.  

Phrygian vs. Lydian mode. 

The Phrygian is like on the other side of the spectrum. For example, it’s a darker mode that has a major third. Without getting too theoretical, the tritone creates tension between the major third and the seventh. 

Lydian pentatonic?

The concept of the pentatonic — the minor pentatonic — is that it’s a minor triad with a minor seventh and a fourth.

7 Factor from Modes to Music

Check out my online course on modes and scales. I designed 7 Factor to help you discover your own voice and not be a copycat. It covers all the modes, including Lydian, and helps you understand intervals, scales, and how to use them.

Above all, my goal is to make sure you never get stuck playing the same patterns over and over again. As a result, you will be able to really feel the music, connecting to it on a deeper level.

How would you feel if you could always play creatively and never sound boring ever again?

10 Modes

How much do you really know about modes and scales?

Modes and scales quizz

I thought it would be fun to create a quick quizz so guitar players can test their knowledge of modes and scales quickly.

Most importantly, let’s keep this test alive. Am I missing any fun/cool question? Do you want to discuss or get detailed explanations on some of the questions?

Talk to me and other guitar players in the forum!

7 Factor from Modes to Music

Check out my online course on modes and scales. I designed 7 Factor to help you discover your own voice and not be a copycat.

Above all, my goal is to make sure you never get stuck playing the same patterns over and over again. As a result, you will be able to really feel the music, connecting to it on a deeper level.

How would you feel if you could always play creatively and never sound boring ever again?

Guide to fingerpicking on electric guitar

FingerPicking on Electric Guitar with patterns, licks and ideas


How are you guys doing?

Here we are going to talk about fingerstyle (or fingerpicking) technique.

I am going to show you the way I do it, but there are many ways to use fingerpicking on electric guitar. The idea here is to show a little bit of fingerstyle and, even if you’ve never practiced this technique, you should come away with enough patterns and fundamentals to begin using in your own playing. 

Let’s get started with the basics-of-the-basics-of-the-basics: getting the sound with the thumb then adding the first three fingers.

The idea is to do something simple, while still creating something that sounds cool.

Start with a chord or phrase that’s fairly easy to play and improvise around it. For this D minor example, the pattern is the thumb, first finger, second finger, third finger

Experiment with that pattern around the neck. You can even use some simple barre chords; just make sure you are playing these patterns slowly at first. Focus on control and tone. 

The other basic pattern is going to be: thumb, third finger, second finger, first finger.

Between these two basic patterns, you can play a lot of different stuff.

Simple! And now we can start improvising and creating different patterns. Another exercise we can work on involves using only the thumb, first finger, and second finger.

If you’ve seen any of my other lessons, you know I always talk about playing slowly to start.

Try to be consistent, get the flow, and then start to increase the speed.

Once you’re comfortable and a little more confident, you can experiment with making your fingerpicking more rhythmic and percussive. 

Finally, you guys aren’t asking me about what kind of pick I’m using!

I think Jeff Beck realized a long time ago, “I’m going to play with my fingers, so nobody will ask what kind of pick I use!”

One thing you can do using the same thumb-one-two-three pattern is to go down then up across the strings, starting on the sixth string, then the fifth, then the fourth. On the way back up, instead of thumb-one-two-three, you would do thumb-three-two-one.

Another variation you can try is something similar to the song “Feijão de Corda” (String Bean) off my second solo album, Universo Inverso.

As you can see there are many ways to use the technique. And with the rolling-like feel I use on songs like “Conquer or Die,” it can be applied in many ways — like adding octaves. Experiment with this more and more, and you can start to create some cool vibes.

And of course, we can’t forget the most famous one of all! Maybe you have heard it?  

The secret to this technique is to change the key right before you get demonetized. 

In Angra, we all liked to have some intros and outros using acoustic guitars, played by me and Rafael [Bittencourt]. There’s a song called “Rebirth” off the second album with this pattern.

Another one is off my new album Open Source called “Du Monde.”

For practicing runs and scales you can work on just using the first and second fingers.

One other thing that is good to know is, when you want to play all six strings, you will use your thumb for the first three. So it goes thumb-thumb-thumb-first-second-third.

You may think it would be easier with the pinky, but you have more control this way because the pinky is too short — I mean, maybe your pinky is as long as the rest of your fingers, but mine is not. So it’s easier and more precise this way. Another way would be to hit that last string with your index finger.

So just do the basics and combinations of the basics — practice just using your thumb and simple two-note patterns and chords using your first two fingers:

Some of these two-finger techniques could use another hour lesson just to get into! There are so many other examples. So many songs in Angra where we came up with something like this, where it’s just a thumb and one finger, much like U2’s The Edge in a way. 

Very Brazillion as well. That was composed by Rafael Bittencourt (Angra), an amazing thing that he created using just two fingers. It made a nice vibe for a song — simple and beautiful.

What I suggest for you to explore are simple things. That doesn’t mean easy to play — sometimes simple things can be hard to play.

It doesn’t have to be super complex chordal arrangements, just two-note patterns. Experiment with those as well as the basic thumb-fingers approach. 

And then just be happy playing music!

I hope you enjoyed this lesson! Share with your friends, other guitar players and check out some of the other guides here on Guitar Hacks and videos on my YouTube channel. 

My next lesson will be on the Lydian mode. There’s been a lot of questions about the mysterious Lydian mode — so let’s talk about it! 

Finally, I hope you all have had great holidays and I’m wishing you all the best for this new year! And it’s going to be a great year — because it cannot be worse than 2020, right? 

See you soon!


Q&A From Chat

What kind of fingers am I using? 

That’s a great question! My fingers are of different sizes with broken nails. My nails should not be a reference for anybody …

How do I take care of my nails?

As I said, I don’t — but I should! I was getting ready to do this video and saw that all my nails were broken! When I play live with Megadeth, my index nail always gets broken because of the intense riffs.  


I’m using 10-46 — again with the equipment! It doesn’t matter, it doesn’t matter. It could be 8,9,10,11,12,13 … it doesn’t matter. Normally this [fingerstyle] is done on acoustic guitar or … the harp! So it doesn’t matter the strings.

Conquer or Die [Megadeth]:

It has the rolling feeling, right? Here’s another angle:

Once you get it — get the pattern — it’s not very complicated. The difficulty in this song is controlling the G string, because it’s always open. It can be a little difficult because that G is always ringing and sometimes it’s too loud. Then there is the other sections here:

What about the pinky?

I don’t use it. Fingerpicking on electric guitar is something that you must make your own. It might be that some others do — but normally the classical players don’t use it. Even the flamenco players who hit the guitar for percussive effect mainly use only the second and third fingers.

I think you can use it — you never know. You can try whatever you want — if it works for you. I’m left handed so anything with my right hand is, like, no … that would be like another two years of practice! 

On Brazillian guitarists being “special”

Brazil has a tradition of nylon string classical guitar. I think the main difference is, when you hear any electric guitarist from Brazil, they probably started on nylon acoustic guitar. The younger generation maybe not as much, but for sure there is always a nylon guitar around, so everybody plays a bit of nylon classical using fingerstyle … [fingerstyle] is a tradition of the Spanish culture, Flamenco, the Portuguese and all of South America with acoustic guitar or charango, tres [Cubano] or cuatro; different instruments, but all coming from the same cultural traditions. That’s why Brazillian players in general will play acoustic guitar more like the classical players. 

No Pain For The Dead? 

I don’t remember it, but something similar — some chords with open strings will sound good. Like when you do an E minor, you can leave the G open and let it ring out as you change chords.

sweep picking exercises

Sweep picking exercises and tips to improve your sweeping guitar technique

Here we are to talk about sweep picking exercises, and the five common mistakes people make when learning this technique. 

I have to say that I always had a lot of difficulty in applying this. I’m left-handed, so anything that involved the right hand was a struggle. So in the beginning, I was focused on alternate picking of players like jazz/fusion legend Al Dimeola, as well as guys like Paul Gilbert and Steve Morse. Then, at some point in the late 80’s, I started focusing on sweeping, thanks to music from Yngwie Malmsteen, Jason Becker, and Greg Howe. Those three were doing a lot of sweeps back then.

First Common Mistake: playing too fast with bad form. 

All of you who follow my lessons know that I’m always telling you to play slowly when learning a new skill. I believe that this is the ultimate technique where you HAVE to play slowly — almost always. And why is that? Because sweeps are very easy to play fast and sloppy, the notes mash together sounding more like a chord.

The way to practice sweep picking is to compare the tone of each note to your alternate picked tone – they should sound almost exactly the same.

Here’s an example using alternate picking, then switching over to sweep picking on that same chord shape. The tone shouldn’t change — you want to try and get both the sweep picking and alternate picking to sound as close as possible. 

See? It’s almost the same tone whether I’m alternate or sweep picking. I think if you keep that in mind, it’s going to change everything about your sweep skills. 

For this first exercise, we’ll start with the basic movements, focusing on the motion of right hand. Experiment with the dynamics by changing the angle of your pick and level of attack. 

This lick might seem fast, but it’s controlled. It’s not just a loose raking the pick across three or more guitar strings. You want the motion to be very controlled and consistent. 

Once you have control, it’s going to be a lot easier to do these sweeps fast. You can also start adding slides, legato, and tapping to your sweeps, as well as mix it up with alternate picking. Which we will go over in a moment. 

Whether you play jazz or rock, these techniques can be mixed into your playing. And I believe you can always take time to go deeper into one single technique, understand it better, then get better at using it. 

The Second Common Mistake: hopping  

Sometimes when players are trying to avoid the first common mistake, and are trying to make every note sound nice and clean, they start to sort of hop across the strings. 

This type of motion is not going to be effective! You lose the energy and timing when you attempt it this way — you might as well use alternate in that case.

Now, “hopping” can be effective for certain riffs, check out the Guide to Downpicking for examples of that, but for sweeps, It’s not good. So no hopping!

The Third Common Mistake: not focusing on good, consistent-sounding notes 

I mentioned this under the first common mistake, but it is very important.

Once again I suggest comparing your sweep picking sound to alternate picking. Spend some time to alternate between both, or even mix them up within the same arpeggios. 

The Fourth Common Mistake: poor rhythm control 

This is a struggle, even for me — I always say it’s because I’m left-handed, but it’s most likely because I didn’t practice enough! 

Breaking things up into shorter passages, like two, three, or four notes, is an approach you can use to give your sweeps a more rhythmic quality. 

Experiment and improvise with finger position, chord shapes, timing, syncopation, and division of the notes within the arpeggio. This will open you up to new ways to use this technique in your music and make things more interesting than just the straight-up-and-down sweeps. 

The Fifth Common Mistake: poor left hand synchronization and muting

When you use distortion and high gain it’s, important to know how, and when, to mute the strings. Muting is so important I may do some video lessons focused entirely on that. 

Basically, it’s a matter of placing your palm lightly across the bridge and finding the sweet spot: 

It’s a very small area being muted, and just a tiny amount of pressure from the palm of the hand, but it makes a big difference in the tone. 

Now let’s take a look at the left-hand finger positions. You have to be able to articulate the notes by synchronizing the fingers of your left hand with the motion of the right for it to sound clean.

There are some patterns and shapes that will be more difficult to sweep pick cleanly. These are shapes where you might have to barre your finger across the strings to do the lick. For these exercises, the right-hand string muting becomes very important in the articulation. Sometimes it’s easier to find another way to play these shapes and avoid having to barre the notes. 

Speed is not the problem with sweep picking, the problem is playing articulate, with rhythmic control, and with good tone. It’s not about playing fast.

With alternate picking, it’s easier to have better timing because you usually practice it with a metronome, but it’s harder to play fast. With sweeps, and with legato and tapping, it’s easier to play faster, but harder to play with good control. So it’s important to practice these techniques slowly and using different rhythms and syncopations.  

Again, start slowly. Never try to be super fast with sweep picking —  that’s not the way to master the control of this technique. 

Also, no “hopping” or jumping to each string with sweep arpeggios. Pay attention to muting and synchronization with right and left hands. Practice exercises with different chords, rhythms and syncopation. Focus on the quality of the notes and tone; remember, the notes should sound comparable to alternate picking, whether it’s legato, tapping, or sweeping. 

This is basic stuff, I’m not throwing out complex scale patterns or anything fancy, because I believe in showing the foundation of the technique and leaving it up to you to be creative with how you use it. 

Finally, you can download the backing music for “Vital Sign,” off my new album Open Source. Take some time to practice simple sweep patterns to that. The chords are C major, D, E minor or C major, and A minor. 


On whether to hold the pick at an angle or not while playing sweeps

You can do it that way. I don’t angle the pick very much, there’s a little more attack when the pick is straight, but angled might be a little easier. You can try a little something in between and see how that sounds. 

Another example of the pick angle here:

Do you always repeat the last note [string] of the arpeggio? 

The easier way to start, I believe, would be to repeat the last string, So, on the way up you hit the E string on a downstroke, then again coming back with the upstroke. 

Of course, you shouldn’t become dependent on always repeating the same strings in a phrase. One thing you can do are exercises that break up the arpeggio at different points of the scale. This will help you execute these arpeggios without repeating strings.  


Today I’m plugged into the Archetype by Nolly, Neural DSP plugin Nolly mixed my album; he’s a great engineer and knows all about good tone. Also the Archetype lead with some modifications on that preset, no delays and just a little bit less gain. 

The pick I am using is a 1.14 mm. But the pick doesn’t really matter — unless it’s too thin — then it probably matters for sweep picking.

Arpeggios from Judas Priest’s “Painkiller”

Yes! In the ’90s, Angra recorded Painkiller for a tribute album. I did a different arpeggio during the solo on that. You can probably find it online somewhere. 

Kiko for president? 

No thank you!

9 kiko loureiro open source

Kiko Loureiro wins Guitar World’s Top 20 guitar albums of 2020 with Open Source

Kiko Loureiro is the guitar player of the great American heavy metal band Megadeth. Kiko’s fifth album called Open Source just won Guitar World’s top 20 guitar albums of 2020 by popular vote.

Many thanks to everyone who voted for this album. The competition was impressive this year with amazing instrumental guitar albums from monster players like Joe Satriani, John Pettruci and Andy James who scores the 2nd position!

As an instrumental guitar nerd, I am very pleased to see that this genre of music is as popular as ever.

Above all, artists are still innovating and delivering compositions, riffs and solos that blow our minds.  In other words, people continue to push the envelope on musicianship and guitar skills to our pleasure!

About Kiko’s Open Source

Open Source is Kiko’s fifth solo album. It has been a different kind of Album right from the start thanks to collaboration between Kiko Loureiro and his fans. Open source got fully funded in under 5 hours powered by a very successful IndieGogo campaign!

kiko loureiro open source

As our member Ron said in Guitar Hacks’s forum:

That achievement should erase any doubts that through hard work, dedication and a proper practice method anyone can achieve their personal goals no matter what the endeavor.

From Ron

About Kiko Loureiro

Kiko has played guitar for over 25 years and has performed all over the world. Additionally, Kiko started teaching when he was just 16, and has given lectures, seminars and clinics in over 50 countries. He is co-founder of the Brazilian heavy metal band Angra, He’s currently the lead guitarist of the legendary band Megadeth.

As a guitar teacher, Kiko released seven online courses in Portuguese, transforming the playing and musicality of over 3000 students.
This year, 2020, he launched this website, Guitar Hacks, dedicated to English versions of his courses.

Equally important, Kiko has also been an instructor at guitar camps from renowned musicians including Allan Holdsworth & Paul Gilbert. In 2018 he was part of the lineup of the G4 experience with Joe Satriani.

Megadeth has sold 38 million records worldwide. The band has earned platinum certification in the United States for six of its fifteen studio albums. Megadeth won the “Best Metal Performance” Grammy Award for the song “Dystopia”.

About Guitar Hacks

Guitar Hacks is Kiko’s website and english speaking community. Its goal is to help all electric guitar players improve their skills, both technically or musically.

You can answer these simple questions to see if Guitar Hacks is for you:

First, How much time have you spent practicing guitar this year?
Secondly, are you still playing the same riffs and licks from last year?
Lastly, when was the last time you had a REAL breakthrough in your playing?

This is exactly why Kiko created Guitar Hacks.

For years Kiko Loureiro has been optimizing his study formula.
As a result, he’s always prepared for the most challenging situations – like playing for 50,000 people at a festival- in a minimal amount of time.

With over 12000 members, our community is growing very quickly. It’s free to join, head over here to sign up and learn from one the best Guitar Player around.

4 downpicking

Downpicking: Improve your Guitar technique with Kiko

Right now, we’re going to talk about downpicking, how to master it, and what are some exercises we can use to improve our technique. 

Remember, every Thursday I am going to be here. I’ll either show you something new, give a lesson, or offer my point of view and discuss some of the main topics when it comes to performing.

A lot of people ask me about downpicking and I have to start this live stream by saying this: I am not a master at downpicking like Dave Mustaine or James Hetfield.

I tend to use alternate picking, but often, it’s very important to use downpicking because of the tone and the energy you get from it. That’s what I’m going to talk about, and give you some tips to develop this skill. 

Normally when I’m home I improvise and solo, or I’m composing, I’m not practicing riffs that much, so I’m a little out of shape. One thing that is very much related to this is endurance — that’s something we’re going to talk about. 

Again, what I like to do with these lessons is to talk about the fundamentals and the basics, things like right-hand position and so forth. 

The idea is to first find the best right-hand position and to understand the variety of tones you can get from just a simple E note (6th string). I’m not talking about speed — speed is one of the things we’ll have to worry about later, but before that let’s talk about the hand position and other things. 

Try to practice moving your right hand around without changing the dynamic or the speed. This is important for both rhythm and solo.

Now I’m going to find a sweet spot with a tone that I like and show you how you can change the sound with just a slight movement of the palm.  Watch how I start open and then notice the tone change as my palm touches the strings. 

The placement of your palm can depend on what kind of guitar you have and the type of bridge. So you’ll have to feel where it sounds right. Those differences in the tone vary with just the tiniest of movement of your palm.  And it’s the same dynamic when using chords. 

Another thing to consider is the angle at which you hold your pick. You can hold it parallel or at an angle — each gives you a little different tone.  

How you hold your pick is more of a personal preference. What does matter is that you are relaxed. Allow your arm to rest against the body — of course, this can depend on the guitar shape. If you have a flying V that could be difficult. I don’t like flying Vs — I mean I like them, I love the shape — pretty metal! They’re just hard for me to play. I’ve been using these [Ibanez Kiko Loureiro Signature] for so many years, I’ll try to play Dave’s [Mustaine] model and I have no idea how to hold that thing! 

You might start to feel some pain in your shoulders to your wrists, especially if you are tense or try too hard without knowing how to properly build endurance.

Try downstrokes with the other strings as well — again it’s just a matter of finding the right position for your right hand.  

Now let’s talk about consistency versus speed, and consecutive downstrokes for longer periods. What I suggest when practicing — and this is something I talk about in my program at guitarhacks.com — is practice riffs and solos if it were live, with no second chances. That is how you are going to build endurance.

So what I’m going to do is jam for a solid three minutes with the tempo around 165 bpm.

The concept is similar to how a boxer would train — three minutes playing and a one-minute rest in between — because that’s how it is in a live situation. 

 It also depends on your style of music; in my case, I’m not going to see songs that are much faster than this, so my focus is going to be on quality and consistency for the entire song. I think three minutes is a good number, you could do five mins since metal songs are usually between three and five minutes long. I have a timer set on my metronome so here it goes: 

It might seem boring since it’s three minutes of this but focus on your arm as you do this — make sure you are still relaxed. 

Forget about speed for that duration; 100 – 110 bpm, it doesn’t matter, it’s cool to jam like this [slower], it gives a different vibe. Just do it for three minutes straight. I know there are styles that are much faster, but that was never for me to play downstrokes at 210 bpm or faster.

If there happened to be a situation where I did have to play that fast, I would practice in these three-minute increments and I know I would be able to eventually play it. Not a problem.

 It depends on your style; if you want to jam like AC/DC, you won’t need that, but if you want to play some faster, more aggressive styles like Slayer or death metal type riffs and solos, then you’re going to need practice.

So I’m going to increase the speed to 180 bpm — in my opinion, you have to be able to do at least three minutes of consistent, quality at one speed before moving on and increasing the speed.

Remember to stay relaxed and maintain control. 

Balance and consistency are the aims. We’re not focusing on speed but endurance — that is what you are really going to need on stage. 

Lastly what I want you to focus on during some of these practice routines is composing and creating your own riffs and solos. You may have noticed during the three-minute exercise that I was playing random riffs — improvising riffs and ideas. So you can use those three minutes exploring different things. You’re still downpicking and the tempo is the same, but you experiment with what chords you use, where you use them, as well as the placement of single notes. 

Three main points to downpicking:  

  1. Right-hand position
  2. Endurance
  3. Being creative 

Let’s start by using a simple power chord based off the E minor scale similar to what Tony Iommi of Black Sabbath would use.

If you play metal, it’s going to be minor as most metal is, but say you want to get into some weirder, darker territory. You might not know a lot of theory, but through experimenting you discover the tritone, B flat. And you might discover the F,  just a half step up from E. It all starts to create this tension. 

So now you have three weird notes and a minor scale, now we can try using some Metallica type power chords with our bpm set at 170. 

You are jamming for three minutes so give yourself freedom to try different things. I’m doing power chords to make it simple but you can use more full-sounding chords, like the 9th or major 7th chords, or maybe something with open notes in addition to more traditional power chord things. 

I hope everyone enjoyed this lesson on downpicking!

 Once again, every Thursday we’ll be here discussing a new topic. And my next topic is fingerpicking, so subscribe to the channel and set the Youtube reminder to notify you of the next livestream.

Topics from Chat

On harmonics: 

 I think they’re cool, but I try to avoid using them because everybody does them. They still sometimes happen! 


I’m using my Ibanez signature model and the Neural DSP, Fortin Cali plugin. There’s a little bit of reverb as well. The Neural DSP has more high gain amps, but I like this one — it’s pretty heavy, but more traditional sounding. Like a British high gain. And I plug straight to the Neural DSP. 

On Pain: 

I know about pains and tendonitis. The thing is, you have to build up to things — every time I experienced pain and tendonitis was because I wasn’t doing the right thing. I would be on tour, tired and not do a proper warmup, then going straight to the concert and giving 110%. 

Also, I might play more sitting down but on stage I’ll have it hanging lower, which isn’t very healthy for the wrists — but if you do it right, you shouldn’t have any pain. You have to build up to things. It’s like anything; you go to the gym and try to lift something super heavy, or decide to do a 20k out of nowhere it’s going to be awkward — you have to build up to it. 

On his T-shirt: 

Like my t-shirt? You know? the techniques! You can purchase it at my store — as well as the tabs and other cool things.


 Of course there’s other techniques, but I tend to think in terms of alternate, legato, sweeps and tapping. We could add fingerpicking or some other stuff, but this is just because of the Beatles T-shirt: that first one that just had the four names, 

How to avoid hitting strings during the up motion while downpicking: 

I would recommend that you start slower and concentrate on not hitting the strings — if it’s still happening, slow it down even further, try to see if you can notice where the problem is. 

On whether to play with your hand open or closed: 

It depends — I do it both ways. It feels more relaxed when my hand is open, but not open like George Lynch style, with fingers wide open — just more relaxed. But if you feel more relaxed and controlled playing with a closed hand then that’s good. 

It also has to do with how I hold my pick. 

How to work on relaxation: 

If you just start slowly and pay close attention to where it begins to be a struggle.  You begin to know when to push it to the next level. I go over some of this in my program at guitarhacks.com. There are some free lessons there and you can join our community. 


I’m using D’addario NYXL 10-46. That’s what I use when I am in standard tuning and for solos. Live, with Megadeth, we are in D standard.  For that I use the 10-52 NYXLs, because of the riffs and the energy I put into performing live, I prefer the 10-52s in that situation. There was a moment when I was using 11s in standard tuning, but that was just too much! 

When I’m recording my album and doing the rhythms, I will use a heavier guage. Because when you’re recording rhythms and start doubling the tracks, you can encounter intonation issues, so it’s nice to have the heavier gauges. The Evertune bridge is great for that as well.  

Heavier strings tend to give better intonation if you are hitting them harder — also having a fixed bridge or blocking the tremolo. 

Conquer Or Die: 

It’s all downpicking, very much inspired by Eddie Van Halen. Basically like Ain’t Talking About Love but in a metal way.  

Learn more about Kiko’s Complete Guitar Workout Strategy

I have an online Guitar Camp where I cover techniques and show you the recipe for making consistent progress.

Let me ask you some questions:

How much of your time was spent practicing guitar this year? Are you still playing the same riffs and licks from last year? And the year before that?

When was the last time you had a REAL breakthrough in your playing?

Over the years I have been optimizing my practice routine to where I am always ready to perform at my best, no matter what the situation (like performing for 50,000 people at a festival), and in the shortest amount of time.

This course is just that.

I designed to entirely re-educate the way you study: with focus and discipline.

With this course, you’ll have the tools to master the most essential guitar techniques, including: alternate picking, sweep picking, hybrid picking, legato and tapping.

You will learn to effectively measure your progress. Develop better habits and correct mistakes as they happen so you will learn things faster, the right way, the first time.

Click here to learn more.

Cheers my friends!

13 hybrid picking on electric guitar

Hybrid Picking on Electric Guitar by Kiko Loureiro

Hello everyone!  

This is a transcript of my “how to master hybrid picking on electric guitar video” that I recorded live from Helsinki on Nov 26th 2020. 

Today we’re talking about hybrid picking on electric guitar. As usual, we’re going to start with the basics and fundamentals. Let’s get started!

Some people have been asking in the chat about hybrid picking. While it shares some similarities with fingerstyle, it stands alone as a technique.

Hybrid style is when you use your guitar pick and your fingers at the same time. I will also do a guide on straight fingerpicking later. 

First, let’s look at the finger position for this technique: 

I hold the pick between my thumb and index finger, then use my other fingers on different strings.

To get started, position your right hand in a way that allows you to palm mute. Begin with this simple exercise using a clean tone. The pattern goes one, two, three — pick, middle, and ring finger.

Create simple ideas. There’s a lot of small patterns you can learn. Alternate middle and ring on the open E and B strings, add the pick for bass notes. (Video 5:36).

Keep the middle and ring fingers playing open strings then try moving the bass note around.

Start very slowly to understand the movement — that’s very important. 

Remember, practicing is not playing. You’re here to understand the hand movements, so start very slowly. Look and observe: make sure everything is in place. 

Try to figure out what’s the best position for you. Play very slowly and try to understand the best placement for your right hand.

These basic ideas I took from classical fingerstyle guitar. I don’t know much about country guitar, so most of my hybrid picking ideas come from my fingerstyle guitar training.

Here’s one I learned from Steve Morse, in his video from the 90s, #backtobasics. This is a very good exercise if you’ve never played with this technique.

Just one string, pick and finger on the same string. Same note, varying dynamics and muting.

But why do that? I could just alternate pick it, right? Listen to the difference in the guitar’s tone and expression. I can snap with my finger and play light with my pick. There’s a lot of nuances you can apply.

You can also try playing scales then doubling each note with a finger.

In this example, the upstrokes are with the middle finger and downstrokes are with the guitar pick playing on a G Major scale.

I believe the main benefit of hybrid picking is the tone you get. String skipping is difficult with alternate picking, and practically impossible using sweeps. With hybrid picking and fingerstyle you can do some very big jumps.

The tone, the nuances, and expression you get gives you a lot of range and possibilities. Even in this example where I’m playing all A notes on three different strings.

We have the 5th string, 3rd string and 1st string.

Starting on A, it’s one, two, three, four, five, one, two, three … Instead of doing one, two, three, one, two, three … That would be the easier pattern, or groups of four. 

Imagine having to try this with a pick — impossible. Not easy 

Once you get the idea, it’s simple. You hit the A note on three separate strings. Start with having your fingers positioned over the right strings.

Let me show you another pattern: It’s a basic 9th chord and a 5th, a power chord. You guys like power chords.

So now when I play the same pattern, It’s similar to the guitars in “Dystopia.”

So it’s always the same pattern, simple stuff — simple, but not easy. 

The concept is simple because we’re using power chords or a power chord with the 9th added. It’s not a fancy, complex chord. And the pattern is the same pattern all the time: one, two, three, four five, one, two, three …

 I’m always talking about how practicing is different from playing.

Because if you just play, you’re probably not going to have the time to explore the technique, the sounds, and the hand positions. So it’s important to get a half-hour or an hour a day to explore the movements, the sounds, and possibilities. Afterward, when you do play or jam some guitars, compose, and do your own stuff, you’ll see that your playing will be better quality and more precise.  

Once you have more precision, you’ll feel more confident, and once you feel more confident you can be more creative. Because when you get confident you’ll start exploring different stuff. Then ideas start coming and you feel more creative and everything happens easily.

I really think that’s the way. You practice and then you apply what you’re practicing. You start to get some confidence in what you’re doing — and this confidence makes you explore more and more. 

Exploring is when you find your own voice, your own ideas, and your own flow. It’s when you start writing your own songs, your own licks, and your own improvisations.

One day we can chat more about being creative and all that, I think it’s an interesting subject.  But that’s a talk for another time. 

So we have basic exercises starting with the right hand, playing just one note. Then on to some easy patterns to more complex patterns . 

You can try moving these patterns around. It’s a little bit more complicated, but we’re getting there. 

I think you guys can understand the way you build from a simple thing, using a new technique: hybrid picking, then starting with simple things and build to more complex stuff. 

So let me know if you guys are liking this. We do these every Thursday. So share this with somebody: your friends, especially your guitar playing friends. It’s always good having more people here.

One thing that is very important: after you share and subscribe to the channel, leave your comments here at the chat, but also go to the video and leave a comment there. Give me feedback on hybrid picking or anything else that you want to know about. That helps me think of lesson topics for the next Thursday session. 

Also, each time you learn something different, try to apply it right away. If you’re a beginner, just try to play the simple hybrid picking with the down up, down up.  Try to get a pattern and explore different chords and chord progressions. Check if you can mute and play some string skipping, explore more harmonies, and maybe try playing solos you already know using hybrid picking instead of alternate picking. Try to switch from sweep picking to alternate picking to adding hybrid picking to solos you are already playing. Everytime you get something, apply it right away, otherwise it gets lost. 

I want you to apply this technique somehow, even if it’s a little thing — like you play a solo and do a simple phrase with that kind of sound — you could also do something like this pattern here

Last thing is to show you something from my new album, a song called “Sertão.”

I’m using the hybrid technique with this pattern. It’s in B minor and I’m using an open triad. 

Coming back to the example: After the first pattern I change to a D chromatic D flat, B, and c minor. Then I play e minor, then major starting with the third inversion — I’m not going to talk about chords or harmony here, so as to not make it confusing. I’m always thinking in terms of Brazilian music in a way. 

Now let me show it in context with the song.

That’s a way you can apply the technique and the pattern within the context of a song. 

It’s pretty hard to play hybrid or fingerstyle with lots of gain, I like to play in a way that’s more percussive as opposed to actually hearing the notes. It’s very precise and nice and clean, I like playing that kind of lick in a percussive way.

If you have questions about hybrid picking or anything else you want to learn during these live streaming sessions, leave a comment in the comments section — I always take your feedback into consideration what you guys are saying and asking, 

So I think we covered the basics of hybrid picking on electric guitar! Leave your comments, subscribe to the channel, and set the reminder for the live stream next Thursday. 

Next Thursday I will be discussing downpicking ie: using downstrokes only. 

Thanks everybody!

Q&A From Chat

How do you mute the highest strings?

The muting technique is always the same in a way — I am using my palm to mute. It’s a very good idea to just practice the muting — find a position that mutes all the strings. Play with changing the pressure of your palm muting so you can get different sounds.

Again this is not going to happen if you just play, like a backing track on youtube. You’re not going to find It this way — you have to stop and feel the strings. Try to figure out what’s the best position. Play something very slowly and try to understand the best placement for your right hand. Practice dynamics and explore as much as you can as you will use this muting for everything.

On guitarist, Chimbinha:

Of course, he’s the master of hybrid. 

I actually use this technique in “Dystopia” and a lot of my solos. Other players like Mark Knoffler and Steve Morse use it a lot. Actually, I will say most of the modern guitar players use this technique because it’s a basic technique coming from all the classical [fingerpicking] players. It’s very natural, you have a pick, why not also use your other fingers?

You can hold the guitar pick somewhere else and use all your fingers, just like Jeff Beck, or many other players who rarely use one.

No pick = more feel

Of course, there’s more feel because you’re touching the strings, so you have much more, yeah … feel! More nuances, more expressions you can hear, right? That’s why we do the hybrid technique — we want the sound and power of the pick, but also have the expression of the fingers. 

On switching your pick angle when using hybrid picking 

For me, I’m always using parallel. It makes more sense to be parallel because of the hand position. So it doesn’t change much for me using the hybrid approach, but if you play one way then switch to parallel, I think it’s fine. There’s no problem at all.

On Bossa Nova being “Brazilion music”

Yeah, it can be about brazilian music, I’m not a Bossa Nova expert, as you can probably tell by my guitar, but I do like a lot of songs — I know some stuff about Bossa Nova.

Outside of Brazil, people take bossa nova as Brazilian music, that would be like considering Be-Bop North American music, it’s not.  It’s a style of music from a certain period of time. It is probably the most successful moment in brazilian music. 

About the song “Du Monde” from Open Source

For the song “Du Monde” I use it [hybrid] in the verse. It’s a little bit more complicated which is why I prefer showing “Sertão” — it’s basically the same pattern. It’s already quite difficult to play, mainly because there are two different parts for the guitars. In “Du Monde” I’m playing a more complex chord progression, maybe another time I can show how I develop the melody and technique for that. 

On using hybrid techniques in Angra

I’ve been using this since the late 90s — there’s a riff from Angra [“Silence and Distance”], let’s see if I remember it. [45:25] Something like this — or similar — I remember the producer saying, “No! What is this?” like it was not “metal” enough. So the producer said, “No way. Play with a pick!” 

Probably because I was not very sure how to play the riff. I wanted to use that technique, but I was not there yet — then on the next album, Fireworks, I was able to do add some hybrid technique, and then more and more. Now I play like that all the time. 

On “Graystone Gateway” off Sounds of Innocence.

 I’m playing with a pick. If I’m not ready for it, I might play it hybrid, because with a pick it’s too fast; 140 bpm or something, but I would prefer to use alternate picking — although it’s quite difficult on that one. 

On choice of picks.

It’s not about equipment! It’s this one here — my Ibanez guitars. 

But the pick doesn’t matter, the guitar doesn’t matter, what strings you use, the amplifier and the cable, to learn how to play guitar — it can be an old acoustic that you got from your family, which is what happened to me. 

And then if you become a professional, and you have the money, you can enjoy having more expensive stuff and things that are more reliable — then of course you can buy a Kiko signature guitar, and Neuro DSP plugins, and a good camera … but to LEARN how to play, I believe it doesn’t matter. You just have to feel comfortable: no old instrument where the strings are very high, high action, or old strings that don’t stay in tune anymore with horrible intonation. 

On Steve Lukather’s sweep picking skills. 

He’s a great player, man! I don’t know exactly about his sweep picking, but it’s probably really good. 

On breaking a nail. 

I did talk about my fingernail that is completely broken, it’s kind of getting stuck when I try fingerstyle — so it’s not ideal [for fingerpicking].

I hope you enjoyed this guide on hybrid picking on electric guitar, stay tuned every Thursday for a new live on my youtube channel!

1 Arnaud Godefroy

Guitar Hacks Spotlight: Arnaud Godefroy

In the Guitar Hackers Spotlight series, we get to know our fellow students. Each one of you has a story that deserves to be heard and we’re grateful to be a part of your guitar journey. Today, we get to know our friend, Arnaud Godefroy.

Tell us a little about yourself (where you’re from, favorite food, pets, etc.)

 Hi, my name is Arnaud Godefroy, I come from France from a small village near Paris. I love the peace and quiet, but also the good evenings of rock to metal concerts, meals with family and friends washed down with beer of course! I have a good old 12 year old Jack Russell whom I adore as well as an awesome wife and son.

My favorite food is French, but also Japanese or Moroccan :yum:

What made you decide to pick up guitar?

 it’s not complicated, I love the style (shape, colors, etc.) of the instrument, the technical and musical possibilities, but above all, the story that emerges from it.

Who are some of your favorite guitar players?

Complicated question, because there are so many that I like, both well-known and lesser-known. Let’s say: Andy Timmons, Neil Zaza, Marco Sfogli, Segey Golovin, Jacky Vincent, Slash, Olaf Thorsen (Labyrinth), Zakk Wylde, Jason Backer, Georges Lynch, Kiko Loureiro and so many others!

What are you hoping to accomplish with your guitar playing?

I would like to be comfortable on the neck of my guitar (like everyone else I think haha). More precisely, to know how to clearly play different types of chords (with enrichments) on a harmonic progression. To improvise what I have in my head at the moment;  being melodic, rather than a simple succession of notes that doesn’t create emotion — for me and the listener!

Is there a particular technique or concept you struggle with most?

To complete what I said previously: to be able to flourish musically, I need to work on in addition to the rest are certain techniques like sweeping or even legato

How did you hear about Guitar Hacks?

I follow Kiko Loureiro on social networks, so I wanted to know more about this famous community. :grin:

You’re pretty active in the Guitar Hacks community. In what ways does having a community like this benefit you as a player?

 It’s interesting as a concept, because we can share about our difficulties, find answers, have refined exercises, or other exercises that take us out of our musical comfort zone. So we are clearly evolving, and we know that we can be helped if we wish. In addition, there is a nice atmosphere in this community.

What kind of content from Guitar Hacks would you like to see in the future?

It would be nice to have some application pieces to work on. I had also already submitted the idea of ​​making a collab video. It’s done a lot on YouTube, for example, with members of Guitar Hacks.

On a backing track we would post a solo of a few seconds, one after the other, to make a top video :smile:

If you like, tell us where we can see more of your stuff (social media, webpages, etc.)

Youtube : https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCYYRm5HRrFdNNCdAr4QRn_w

Facebook :


If you would like to be featured in the Guitar Hackers spotlight, please email us at support@guitarhacks.com

Arnaud Godefroy Guitar Hacks
Arnaud Godefroy
1 guitar techniques

Mixing Guitar Techniques or Running with the Bull

Hey, Kiko here,

I just wanted to share this new play through video, “Running with the Bull” from my latest album, Opensource. This song is particularly interesting for Guitar Hacks students as it has a mix of all techniques. Tapping, sweeping, legatos, tremolo bar and also of course, alternate picking.

Mixing all Guitar Techniques

The best way to incorporate any guitar techniques in your own songs and solos is to practice them until they become effortless and part of your own musical vocabulary.

That’s why we practice. So we can play whatever technique or guitar lick with so much confidence and little effort that it seems like we’ve been playing it forever.

This requires discipline of course, but also focus, intent and strategy. Picking a guitar and noodling around or playing the same riffs and licks over and over again will never lead to any level of mastery.

If you haven’t watched it already, you can learn more about my practicing discipline in my video “The Secret to Rapid Progress”. You will learn how I structure my practice time in 5 distinct phases and consistently work on improving my technique.

Guitar Techniques & Workout Strategy

Currently my technique focused online course is not accepting new students.

This is going to change soon as we will open up again for around 100 new students in the coming weeks. Leave your email address here to be notified first when it opens up again!

Don’t forget it’s not just about WHAT your practice but HOW you practice! Time is precious and once you’ve spent it you don’t get it back.

So spend your practicing time wisely!


4 lydian dream play-through

Flying in a Lydian Dream

Hey Kiko here! How are you?

Have you ever listened to the song “Flying in a  Blue Dream” by the legendary Joe Satriani? I think It’s one of his most iconic songs.

I’m a huge fan of Satch, especially his song, Flying in a Blue Dream. 

I never tried to learn it, but I do know the first two chords: A major and B major.

At the G4 Experience Guitar Camp, where I had the honor of teaching alongside Joe Satriani, he told the story behind the song: 

He was half awake and imagining he was flying. The song came out of this imaginary situation.

Satriani said, “I don’t know how to play it, but I can feel it … I’m able to imagine the ‘Blue Dream’.”

But there’s another thing I know: The Lydian mode

The Lydian mode is what Satriani, and many other composers, use to achieve that “Blue Dream” feeling. 

Listen to my “Vital Signs” Play Through, can you hear the Lydian?

Kiko’s Open Source “Vital Signs”  Play Through.

I thought it would be interesting to discuss the modes that I am using here

I start by using the Lydian mode. Peaceful, dreamy, relaxing, open and atmospheric — I think you get the idea.

Next, I switch to the Aeolian, which is minor and very melancholic. I play this in the same key as the Lydian, so it brings the melancholy together with the optimistic of the Lydian.

I play this over a solid drum and bass groove which gives the song a nice, steady vibe. It really captures the mood of both modes.

Every scale, every mode, gives us a specific feeling. 

If you master that, you can create your own solos, and compose songs that translate images, feelings, and ideas through your music.

Be a creator with the power to control and connect to the listeners through their emotions. 

Mastering modes is the best way to unlock creativity. This is possible for everyone and there is a step by step process. 

It’s time for you to decide if you want to be a creator or a play the same patterns over and over again.

Check out my 7 Factor  Online Guitar Course: From modes to music. Where  you will find my in depth process to master the Modes, Scales and Intervals on guitar.

Enrollment closes this Sunday, Aug.16th.

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